Capriccio with The Colosseum, The Arch of Constantine, and The Tower of Maecenas
ca. 1650
58" x 76"
Framed: 65.5" x 84"
Painting, oil on canvas
Filippo Gagliardi was a master of the capriccio, an architectural fantasy in which well-known ruins and other renowned architectural sites and features are combined to depict a fictional location. This exceptional painting depicts the Roman Colossuem, the Arch of Constantine, and the Tower of Maecenas.

Filippo Gagliardi contributed to illustrated architectural perspectives and became a principle of the Accademia di San Luca, which was an association that formed with the goal of elevating the work of Baroque artists, including painters, sculptors, and architects. This work is an important execution of two-point perspective, first developed in painting in the 15th Century.

About the Artist
(active Rome 1637, d. 1659)
Filippo Gagliardi was an artist active in Rome from the early 1630s until his death 1659. A contemporary of Viviano Codazzi, Gagliardi was elected as a principle to the Accademia di San Luca and specialized in the teaching of perspective.

He produced large-scale festival scenes in collaboration with Jan Miel, Filippo Lauri, and Salvatore Castiglione.

Gagliardi's architectural capricci are generally topographical and factual, rather than fanciful.