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Adolf Fleischmann

(1892 - 1968)
Adolf Fleischmann was born on March 18, 1892 in Essligen, Germany.

From 1908 to 1913, Fleischmann studied in Stuttgart at the Royal School of Applied Arts and then at the Royal Academy of Art (Kunstgewerbeshule). Briefly he worked as staff illustrator and painter in the Municipal Office of Health Care Exhibition and under Paul Hahn Fleischmann at his workshop.

In 1914 he was drafted to the military where in 1915 he was badly wounded on the Eastern Front and was discharged. In through his half-sister, Fleischmann was employed as Moulageus at the Cantonal Hospital if Zurich where he worked until July of 1928 as a scientific illustrator.

In the 1920's Fleischmann was influenced by Expressionism and Cubism. In Munich 1922, he exhibited with the Neue Sezession and then in Berlin and Stuttgart. At the Paris des Surindependants Fleischmann exhibited in 1932. In 1933 he was forced to emigrate, his work being labeled 'Degenerate.' Toward the end of the 1930s, his compositions built with elegant arabesques and curves, and he developed a rigid geometry as he painted his typical L-shaped forms. His sole use of horizontal and vertical lines, similar to Piet Mondrian's 'neo-plasticism,' profiled him as an abstract artist, and it was as such that he appeared at the 1945 Paris Salon des Surindépendants.

Fleischmann became seriously ill and spent 16 months in 1963 and 1964 in Stuttgart. He went to New York in late 1964 and in 1965 he suffered a severe stroke. Due to medical treatment he returned to Stuttgart. At the Wurttemberg Art Association was held the 1966 Adolf Fleischmann Anniversary Exhibition. This marked his break through in Germany and made him instantly famous. Despite being partially paralyzed, Fleischmann created twenty relief-like collages.

The after-effects of his stroke killed him on January 28, 1968. He was buried at the Ebershldenfriedhof in Esslingen.