Santa Ana
1752
32.25" x 24"
Painting, Oil on canvas
Region: Mexico
Signed and dated lower right
According to one tradition, Ana was married twice before she espoused Joachim, the father of the Blessed Virgin. This firt marriage was to Cleophas, by whom she bore Mary, wife of Alpheus and mother of Saint James the Lesser, Thaddeus, and Joseph Justus; the second husband was Salome, by whom she bore another Mary, who married Jebedee, a wealthy merchant of Galilee, and whose children were Saint James the Major and Saint John the Evangelist. Other traditions simply make the statement that Anne and Joachim had no other children; but all the sources suggest that they wre a wealthy, noble couple.

Ana, in retablo art, appears in connection with her daughter, the Virgin Mary. When shown with her daughter, she is depicted as an older woman. Santa Ana is considered a patron of the old, is prayed to by women during maternity, and is especially effective against sterility.

About the Artist
(1685 - 1756)
José de Ibarra (1685–1756) was a Mexican painter, born in San Miguel del Grande, Mexico and died 21 Nov 1756 in Mexico City. He was a mixed-race Afro-Mexican, but was considered a Spaniard and listed in the 1753 Mexico City census as Spaniard. Ibarra was student of painter Juan Correa, who self-identified as a mulatto. Many of Ibarra's pieces are preserved in Mexican museums and the Metropolitan Cathedral in Mexico City. He was one of the most prolific painters of his day, producing mainly religious paintings for the cathedrals of Mexico. His career was marked with support of initiatives to protect the intellectual integrity of painting as an art form. He was influenced by contemporaries Cristóbal de Villalpando and Juan Rodríguez Juárez. His remains are interred at the Church of Santa Inés in Mexico City.